Transfer Learning Application and Selective Control of Somatosensory Brain Activity Using a Novel Peripheral Neural Interface

Speaker
Bret See
Date
Location
SEC 206
Abstract
In the USA, approximately 185,000 people suffer from limb amputations every year,
severely impacting patients’ quality of life. Current prostheses available to amputees are
limited to either passive devices or those controlled by EMG signals from remaining
intact muscles. Use of these prostheses is limited by the lack of direct somatosensory
feedback people depend on to perform even basic tasks. Visual feedback is often
necessary, which imposes and heavy cognitive load on the user. Peripheral neural
interfaces are an option for addressing this limitation, stimulating the residual nerve to
provide naturalistic mechanoceptive and proprioceptive percepts that can be used by
the patient to intuitively guide a prosthesis in a way more similar to that of an intact
limb. To quantitatively validate the degree to which the electrically evoked percepts
resemble naturally generated ones in an animal model, it is necessary to establish a
ground truth by simultaneously recording from somatosensory regions in the brain, such
as the Primary Somatosensory Cortex (S1) and the Ventral Posterolateral nuclei of the
Thalamus. Use of transfer learning methodology can enable high accuracy classification
of Local Field Potential (LFP) data associated with touch locations on the paw as part of
a somatosensory neuroprosthesis pipeline.